The Weald of Kent, Surrey and Sussex
The Hollands    Langton Green  Tunbridge Wells  

Books and other documents
PublishedTitle, author and references
1766The History of Tunbridge Wells by Thomas Benge Burr ⇒ p. 157
1797The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent - Volume III by Edward Hastedp. 284
1840New Guide for Tunbridge Wells by John Colbran and edited by James Phippen ⇒ p. 267

Historical records

c 1835BuiltDesigned by Decimus BurtonThe Hollands

Decimus Burton was born on 30th September 1800 in the parish of St Pancras, London, and christened in Old Church, St Pancras on 18th July 1802, the tenth son of James Haliburton and his wife, Elizabeth (nee Westley). James Haliburton, later Burton, (1761-1837) was one of the most significant builders of Georgian London, responsible for large areas of Bloomsbury, as well as St. Johns Wood and Clapham Common and, in collaboration with John Nash, the development of Regents Park. In 1828 he started building a new seaside town at St. Leonards near Hastings based closely on his experiences at Regents Park. The first four children were christened Haliburton but from 1794 onwards the remaining six children were all christened as Burton. The fourth child, James Haliburton (1788 - 1862), was to have an eminent career as an Egyptologist. After the birth of their last child, Jesse, in 1804, the family moved to Mabledon, Quarry Hill, Tonbridge and Decimus Burton was educated at Tonbridge School followed by several years in the Royal Academy Schools in Somerset House where Sir John Soane was Professor of Architecture.

Through his father's connections, Decimus gained many early commisions in Regents Park in London (including the family residence at The Holme) before gaining the design for his first major public building at the Colosseum in 1823, followed by the Ionic Screen at Hyde Park Corner in 1825, the Wellington Arch at Hyde Park Corner in 1826, Cornwall Terrace in Regents Park, the Athenaeum Club in Pall Mall and Trinity Church, Tunbridge Wells in 1827, Charing Cross Hospital in 1831, Fleetwood, Lancashire in 1836, and, later in 1846, The Palm House at Kew. In 1850 Decimus began the second phase of building at St Leonards on Sea, originally, commenced by his father

In 1826, the 870 acreage Calverley Estate was acquired by John Ward J.P., M.P. (1776-1855). He commisioned Decimus Burton "to erect a number of edifices suitable to the reception of genteel families, and simultaneously with the larger buildings, a number of shops, etc in their immediate neighbourhood, so that residents upon the estate might enjoy the same advantages as those who lived nearer the Springs." By 1839 all the Calverley Park villas were complete and Decimus Burton had taken possesion of No 4. In that same year the Calverley House (previously Mount Pleasant House) had been extensively refurbished and extended by Decimus Burton. In the years that followed his commisions in Tunbridge Wells and the surrounding area were extensive and included The Grove at Penshurst, Burrswood at Groombridge, Bentham Hill and St Peters Church at Southborough, Hollands at Langton Green and St Marys Church at Riverhead.

In 1832 Decimus Burton was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society and he continued in practice until 1869. In his later years, he spent his time as a lifelong batchelor between his properties at Gloucester Gardens, Hyde Park and St Leonards in Sussex. He died on 14th December 1881 in his home in London and is buried at Kensal Green cemetery.

For more information about James and Decimus Burton see the Hastings Museum web site

See also


3rd Apr 1881CensusStanley Puckle, M, Head, married, age 42, born Camberwell, Surrey; occupation Member of the London Stock ExchangeStanley PuckleThe Hollands1881 Census
Speldhurst, Kent
3rd Apr 1881CensusEmily Puckle, F, Wife, married, age 35, born London, MiddlesexEmily Puckle
3rd Apr 1881CensusEmily A. Puckle, F, Daughter, age 14, born Clapham, Surrey; occupation ScholarEmily A. Puckle
3rd Apr 1881CensusJessie Puckle, F, Niece, age 13, born Brixton, Surrey; occupation ScholarJessie Puckle
3rd Apr 1881CensusMary E. Vorley, F, Visitor, age 14, born Hornsey Rise, Middlesex; occupation ScholarMary E. Vorley
3rd Apr 1881CensusAnn C. Clark, F, Governess, single, age 29, born Eton, Buckingham; occupation: governessAnn C. Clark
3rd Apr 1881CensusSarah A. Hard, F, Servant, single, age 31, born Eldenfield, Worcester; occupation: cookSarah A. Hard
3rd Apr 1881CensusMary Vockinge, F, Servant, single, age 45, born Lambourn, Berkshire; occupation Parlour maidMary Vockinge
3rd Apr 1881CensusCatherine Ginks, F, Servant, single, age 29, born Tetbury, Gloucester; occupation: housemaidCatherine Ginks
3rd Apr 1881CensusElizabeth Hopp, F, Servant, single, age 23, born Norwich, Norfolk; occupation: lady's maidElizabeth Hopp
3rd Apr 1881CensusMartha Ann West, F, Servant, single, age 23, born London, Middlesex; occupation KitchenmaidMartha Ann West
3rd Apr 1881CensusHarry H. Edwards, M, Servant, single, age 18, born Langton, Kent; occupation: footmanHarry H. Edwards

3rd Apr 1881CensusStephen Stiff, M, Head, single, age 20, born Higham, Suffolk; occupation Groom and gardenerStephen StiffThe Hollands Stables1881 Census
Speldhurst, Kent

c 1920The Hollands' Lodge, Forest LaneThe Hollands' Lodge, Forest Lane, Langton GreenPrivate collection

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